Propionate metabolism ruminants

To sustain muscle contraction beyond the first few minutes of exercise, horses rely heavily on glycogen, which is the obligate substrate to sustain anaerobic ATP production. 11 The importance of muscle glycogen reserves as an anaerobic energetic fuel to prevent fatigue during high-speed exercise has been highlighted in studies that manipulated muscle glycogen stores after strenuous exercise. 153,154 For instance, substantial depletion of muscle glycogen stores in horses before exercise is associated with decreased anaerobic capacity, during a subsequent high-speed exercise test. 153,154 Replenishment of muscle glycogen stores by glucose infusion after glycogen-depleting exercise restores anaerobic capacity, evident as restoration of the MAOD and run time to fatigue during high-speed exercise. 154

In rabbits, fetal weight reduction and cleft palate were observed at a fluticasone propionate dose approximately times the MRHDID for adults (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal subcutaneous dose of 4 mcg/kg/day). However, no teratogenic effects were reported at fluticasone propionate doses up to approximately 20 times the MRHDID for adults (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal oral dose up to 300 mcg/kg/day). No fluticasone propionate was detected in the plasma in this study, consistent with the established low bioavailability following oral administration [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ].

Fluticasone propionate is a highly selective agonist at the glucocorticoid receptor with negligible activity at androgen , estrogen , or mineralocorticoid receptors , thereby producing anti-inflammatory and vasoconstriction effects. It has been shown to have a wide range of inhibitory effects on multiple cell types (. mast cell , eosinophil , neutrophil , macrophages , and lymphocytes ) and mediators (. histamine , eicosanoids , leukotrienes , and cytokines ) involved in inflammation . Fluticasone propionate is stated to exert a topical effect on the lungs without significant systemic effects at usual doses, due to its low systemic bioavailability .

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding the launch of AirDuo™ RespiClick® and its Authorized Generic, which are based on management’s current beliefs and expectations and are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that could cause our future results, performance or achievements to differ significantly from that expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include risks relating to:

Propionate metabolism ruminants

propionate metabolism ruminants

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding the launch of AirDuo™ RespiClick® and its Authorized Generic, which are based on management’s current beliefs and expectations and are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that could cause our future results, performance or achievements to differ significantly from that expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include risks relating to:

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